How do I file my taxes as a small business owner in Canada?

Oh boy, taxes! As a small business owner in Canada, you know the drill – filing your taxes can be a complex and daunting task. But fear not, my friend! We’ve got you covered with this step-by-step guide to help you navigate the treacherous waters of Canadian tax law. You’re not the only one asking – How do I file my taxes as a small business owner in Canada?



Step 1: Determine Your Business Structure

First things first, let’s determine your business structure. Are you a lone wolf, AKA a sole proprietorship? Do you have a partner in crime, AKA a partnership? Or are you a fancy corporation, living that shareholder life? Knowing your business structure is crucial because it affects how you file your taxes.

Step 2: Gather Your Financial Records

Now it’s time to gather all your financial records – your bank statements, credit card statements, and receipts. Pro tip: keep everything organized throughout the year to make tax filing easier. Trust me, your future self will thank you.

Step 3: Determine Your Taxable Income

Ah, the age-old question – how much do you owe the government? To determine your taxable income, you gotta do some math. Add up all your deposits/revenue and subtract all your expenses. Voila, that’s your net income – the amount you need to pay taxes on.

Step 4: Complete the T1 Income Tax and Benefit Return

If you’re a sole proprietor, completing the T1 Income Tax and Benefit Return form is your next step. Easy peasy. If you’re a corporation or partnership, well, things get a bit more complicated. You might need a tax accountant. In fact you may WANT a tax accountant to help you save as much s possible on your taxes!

Step 5: File Your Taxes

The moment of truth – it’s time to file your taxes with the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA). The deadline for sole proprietor small business owners is June 15th, but you gotta pay any taxes owed by April 30th. And if you don’t file or pay on time, you might end up with penalties and interest charges. Yikes!
Corporation’s typically need to file their corporation’s tax return 6 months after the year-end. Partnerships need to file their tax returns by March 31st.

In Conclusion

Filing your taxes as a small business owner in Canada can be overwhelming, but with careful planning and organization, it can be a breeze. Remember to keep all your financial records organized, deduct all eligible business expenses, and file your taxes on time. Now you know how do I file my taxes as a small business owner in Canada. And if you need help, don’t be afraid to call in the cavalry – AKA a professional accountant or tax preparer. Now go forth, my friend, and conquer tax season!
Zenbooks has been Canada’s go-to cloud accounting firm since 2015.   Zenbooks combines modern cloud technology with our in-house expert analysis. We provide you with the online accounting service and guidance that best suits your business needs. From tax planning to payroll and monthly accounting services. They’re your finance team! (follow our blog here.)
Eric Saumure, CPA, CA, Principal

Eric Saumure, CPA, CA, Principal

Eric is a recognized Chartered Accountant (CA) and Chartered Professional Accountant (CPA) in the province of Ontario. Eric Saumure studied Accounting and Business at University of Ottawa, and obtained his CPA, CA designation during his time at KPMG LLP. Eric has 11 years of experience and actively works with over 300 clients. Eric Saumure is a Quickbooks Online ProAdvisor and a Xero Certified Partner.

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